Australia should make an equitable contribution, in accordance with its differentiated responsibilities and respective capability1, to global action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to adapt to impacts of climate change.
Australia should engage the international community in pursuing identified and beneficial environmental outcomes through greenhouse gas emissions reduction action which:
allows for differentiated national approaches
promotes international cooperation
minimises the costs and distributes the burden equitably across the international community
is comprehensive in its coverage of countries, greenhouse gases, sources and sinks
recognises the economic and social circumstances and aspirations of all societies
is underpinned by streamlined, efficient and effective administrative, reporting and compliance arrangements.
In this global context, Australia should develop a strategic national approach to responding to climate change which:
is consistent with the principles of sustainable development
is consistent with other national policies including on economic growth, population growth, international trade, energy supply and demand, and environmental and social responsibility
takes a long term perspective
maintains the competitiveness of Australian export and import competing industries
distributes the cost burden equitably across the community
adopts a consultative approach to the development of new policies
is consistent and effectively coordinated across all jurisdictions throughout Australia.
be consistent with the strategic national approach
be trade and investment neutral, in a way that does not expose Australian industry to costs its competitors do not face
not discriminate against new entrants to Australian industry nor disadvantage “early movers” in Australian industry who have previously implemented greenhouse gas abatement measures
take account of the differing sectoral circumstances
be based as far as is practicable on market measures
address all greenhouse gases
address all emission sources and sinks
balance, in a cost-effective way, abatement and adaptation strategies – both of which should be based on sound science and risk management.
1. 1. Australia’s contribution to the global climate change effort as set out here reflects the principle in Article 3.1 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities could take account of such matters as a country’s economic growth and structure, population growth, energy production and use etc.
The most appropriate response to climate change is a globally consistent approach, which would include a common price signal for greenhouse gas emissions. Such an approach, however, is not likely to emerge within the long-term investment horizon of industry.
AIGN’s climate change policy principles establish a sound framework for Australian policy development. In summary, in the international context, these principles envisage a global agreement that imposes on the Australian community costs that are comparable to the costs expected to be borne in countries with similar wealth.
In the domestic context, the principles envisage Australian policy measures that: